PITTSBURGH (CBS) — It’s the very definition of optimism: a newborn baby. And to keep these little ones the perfect pictures of health, some day in the near future, routine newborn care could include a sci-fi screening that is slowly going mainstream.

“Some people have called this the book of life,” explained Dr. Robert Green of Brigham & Women’s Hospital.

For the first time ever, doctors are sequencing the genome of newborns. This allows doctors to decode the DNA and look for the possibility of future diseases and conditions.

“Here we have the opportunity to learn much more about somebody’s potential future and help guide their care,” said Dr. Alan Beggs, of Boston Children’s Hospital.

Right now, all newborn babies are screened with a blood test for dozens of medical conditions, but with genomic sequencing doctors are able to check for more than 1,600 hereditary conditions. Sequencing the genome can reveal the risk of future illnesses like Alzheimer’s, heart disease, and certain cancers. It can also determine if a patient will have a positive or negative reaction to a particular medication.

But Dr Robert Green and Dr. Beggs understand this could be a tough sell for some new parents.

“There are some families that don’t want to know about something that they may not be able to control,” said Dr. Beggs.

The hope is to enroll 500 newborns — half healthy, half sick — in the “BabySeq” project to find out what role — if any — genomic sequencing will have on their future medical care.

“The question is: how is this going to impact individuals who can have this from day one of life,” said Dr. Green, of Brigham & Women’s Hospital in Boston.

Will knowing these genetic codes lead to superior medical care? Or will it raise privacy issues, and the possibility of genetic discrimination?

The research team will follow these newborns for five years, or longer, in hopes of getting the answer.

“It might help, it might confuse things, it might be totally irrelevant,” said Dr. Green. “But it’s trying to anticipate what the world’s going to be like when you actually have genomic information available for all of us.”

For more information, email the BabySeq Project here.

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